PBGF in KABUL

Kabul Province

 

  1. Overview

 

Province

Kabul

Period under review

1 Nov 2009 – Oct 2011 (PBGF I)

Recent governors

Haji Din Mohammad (2005-2009)

Zabihullah Mojaddedi (July 2009-March 2011)

Ahmadullah Alizai (April 2011- )

Estimated population

3.5 million people

Note: This may be a gross under-estimation. Some say the city of Kabul alone now may have 5 million inhabitants (which is probably an exaggeration). Population figures in Afghanistan are not reliable because the last (partial and incomplete) census was done in 1980, i.e. more than 30 years ago. The 1980 figures are used to calculate actual figures but there is no agreement on what the accurate population growth figures are. There is also large-scale rural-urban migration and the issue of returnees (Kabul has many refugee camps).

Surface

4,462 km2

Evaluation score and ranking

Average over the pilot phase: 6.8/10 (14th position)

First evaluation: 6.3/10 (14th position)

Mid-term evaluation: 8.3/10 (2nd position)

Final evaluation: 5.9/10 (14th position)

Y2-Q1 (score still to be validated by IDLG): 5.5/10 

Any special issues?

No

TAF provincial officers

Abdullah Saeed (since 21 Feb 2010)

Disbursement (16 months)

US$341,490 (85%)

ISAF presence

The situation is quite diverse. France has a presence both in Kapisa and in Surobi district. There are also Turkish and Italian troops. Most of the army vehicles seen are US Army vehicles though. ISAF has its headquarters in Kabul, and the Bagram Airfield (the largest military base of the US in the region) is quite near. The Kabul airport is guarded by Belgian troops (amongst other contingents).

 

  1. Province Background

 

Including the capital district, Kabul province consists of 15 districts, which are listed in the map below. While, technically speaking, the capital district (i.e. Kabul Municipality) is part of the province, in practice this is a separate entity governed by a (non-elected) mayor, Muhammad Younus Nawandish[1]. Hence, in practice, the Governor of Kabul needs to take care of all the other (non-municipal) districts, some of which are better known than others:

 

  • Paghman has a certain reputation because it is the base from which the fundamentalist leader Rasul Sayyaf operates. The district borders Maidan Shar district in Wardak province in the south. Paghman district is also where the Qargha Lake (Band-e Qargha) is located, and the Paghman Gardens – both are popular one-day excursions from Kabul (although the Paghman Gardens much less so than Qargha Lake, as a result of the destruction brought by civil war).
  • Istalif is very scenic and touristy place with nice pottery shops and great picnic places for Kabul-based families wanting to escape from the city for a day.
  • Sarobi is a hotbed for insurgents along the Panjsher river (this river comes down from Bagram district/Kapisa and joins the Kabul river along the Kabul-Jalalabad highway).

 

It can be noted that the Bagrami district in Kabul province has nothing to do with Bagram district/Bagram Airfield, which is part of Parwan province and is located more in the north. Bagrami district is just the area left and right of the main road leading to Jalalabad via Surobi district.

  1. Background on the Governor(s)

 

The previous Governor, Zabiullah Mojaddedi, is a son of Professor Sibghatullah Mojaddedi (former President of Afghanistan and Chair of the Meshrano Jirga) and, hence, one of the respected Mojaddedi family. Zabihullah Mojaddedi is said to have resigned as Governor out of frustration with the Office of the President. Ahmadullah Alizai was the deputy Governor before, and became acting Governor when Zabihullah Mojaddedi resigned. As yet, he has not been confirmed as Governor yet.

 

Alizai is a relatively young Governor (born in 1972). He is from Kandahar (ethnic Pashtun from the Alizai tribe of southern Afghanistan). He comes from a fairly educated family with some influence and political background. During the Soviet war in Afghanistan, many of the family left for Pakistan (Baluchistan), where he got his primary and secondary education. After completing high school (from 1987 up to 1989), he graduated in political sciences (1992). In 1995, he established a non-governmental organization (NGO) in Pakistan. Later, he became the general director of an organization called ARDP. Under the new regime, he became the director of the Counter-Narcotic directorate for the south-west zone in 2001 and, in 2005, for the eastern zone. He was then appointed as deputy governor for Nangarhar province and, in 2008, as deputy governor in Kabul Province.

 

The new Governor is obviously much younger and less experienced. His first evaluation in the second financial year suffered from the program interruption – just like the other provincial evaluations, which all showed a drop in performance as the program was halted and, hence, no proper annual budget preparation exercise took place.

 

  1. PBGF History

 

PBGF I disbursements commenced on 21 March 2010, as in most provinces. The PBGF orientation and training session had been held from 17 to 22 January 2010.

 

Zabihullah Mojadeddi was quite active and understood the objectives of the program well. He spent a fair amount of the budget on community outreach, although his own office needed substantial investment as well (despite the fact that it is a Grade I province). He tried hard to convince donors to focus a bit more on the province of Kabul, as opposed to the municipality only (which is run by the mayor, not by the Governor): one of his first actions was to use the PBGF funds to organize a very inclusive development coordination conference, assembling donor and ISAF reps, NGOs/civil society organizations, and all of the Afghan government organizations that are relevant for provincial planning. He visited the districts a lot and was seen as well-respected. This is all reflected in the high mid-term score. For the final evaluation, the score is a bit less as compared to other provinces (it is to be noted that the scoring is done – to some extent – against a moving average). The main reasons for the relatively lower score during the final evaluation were the frequent changes being made to the budget. While this is to be understood in the context of Kabul province (it is a very large province and, hence, it is difficult to plan PBGF, especially in light of the fact that the PBGF budget was supposed to be ‘flexible’), it did have a serious impact on his score. In addition, the internal audit unit was not quite satisfied with the quality of all the documentation. While this may be linked to program performance rather than to Governor’s performance, the performance criteria are the performance criteria.

 

  1. Overview of Disbursements

  1. Monitoring & Evaluation History

 

  • Include a profile on the M&E history of the province
  • Explain why it dropped so much for the last evaluation
  • Set down a list of key activities and focus areas
  • Success stories and notable activities/funding items

 

  1. Oversight History

 

Purpose of trip

Dates

Report available?

Comments/remarks

Orientation Trip

 

 

 

Internal Audit

 

 

 

Monitoring

 

 

 

etc